terça-feira, 11 de setembro de 2012





. (By: Valdemir Mota de Menezes, the Scribe)


The cadaver dissection for scientific study and anatomy, has suffered severe restrictions, mainly for religious reasons, because many religions considered inviolable human body, even after death, his dissection was considered contempt and profanation of the sacred. In the Middle Ages the many dissections were done secretly in basements. Even today, there are still many restrictions on the use of cadavers for study. There are restrictions to these environmental studies and difficulties in obtaining cadavers.


The great genius of humanity that arose in the late Middle Ages, Leonardo da Vinci did important work dissecting cadavers. How excellent designer who was Da Vinci portrayed with perfection in many frames, perfect representations of human organs, many details of muscles, nerves and circulatory system. But his scientific work with cadavers cost him accusations of respect for the dead.


The use of human bodies in the study of anatomy is fundamental to the healthcare professional can get used to the contact with the human body, after all, the human body is the body of the doctor's work. During the first years of studying medicine, you need to study anatomy, because without perfect knowledge of how a human body, it is impossible to address issues such as diseases, treatments, surgeries, etc ... A doctor can not limit itself to studying human anatomy in virtual form, it needs to have intimacy with touch with the human body. Computer programs help scour the universe in much the body, but doctors work with people and with human bodies and therefore the study of medicine can not relieve the corpses for dissection.


According to Brazilian law, and the donor sign a donation, your family also have to agree with the decision, which is effective for the donation.

In particular, two Brazilian laws address the issue of donations of bodies for education, they are:

1 - Article 14 of Law 010.406.2002 Brazilian Civil Code: valid with objective scientific, or altruistic, the free disposal of the body, in whole or in part after death.

2 - The Law 8.501/92, in his art. 2, says: "The unclaimed corpse with public authorities, within thirty days, may be allocated to schools of medicine, for education and research of a scientific nature."


During the time that the education institution uses the corpse, it is treated with formaldehyde and glycerin base that does not decompose. The part of science that studies the preservation of corpses is Tanatopraxia.


Some preconceived ideas fill the popular imagination, such as when donating your body for research, we would be offending God and keeping the soul of the deceased to have peace, to have your body manipulated by people. This fear does not make sense, because many people have traumatic deaths, have their bodies mangled in accidents, or devoured by hundreds of fish and crustaceans, when drown, if God is omnipotent, He will have no difficulty raising (for those who believe Resurrection) a body buried, eaten by worms, a body gradually dissected in scientific studies, nor will God resurrect a body difficulty evaporated in a fire or cremated. Who gets to donate the body out of respect for God, being ignorant, as the saying goes: "Who does not know how to pray, curse God." God can not be an excuse to surrender our bodies to the worms of the earth, instead of surrender for the sake of science. Another fear is irrational to think that doctors no longer effectively serve an emergency knowing that the person is a donor body, and that doctors would be malicious on purpose so that the victim died and so, there was one more body for studies . First, a doctor on duty has no such information to a patient who arrives at the emergency hospital. Secondly, the doctor would not gain anything letting a patient die because the system provides only donation of bodies and not sell the dead. Such urban legends are only able to stay in the minds of the superstitious.

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